Occupational safety and health is a seriously concerned global issue connected to the protection of workers and their safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The major objectives of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and healthy work environment. OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment.
Occupational safety is undoubtedly related to the importance of health for moral, legal, and financial reasons. All organisations have a duty of care to ensure that employees and any other person who may be affected by the companies undertaking remain safe at all times. Moral obligations would involve the protection of employee's lives and health. Legal reasons for OSH practices relate to the preventative, punitive and compensatory effects of laws that protect worker's safety and health. OSH can also reduce employee injury and illness related costs, including medical care, sick leave and disability benefit costs. OSH may involve interactions among many subject areas, including occupational medicine, occupational hygiene, public health, safety engineering, industrial engineering, chemistry, health physics, industrial and organizational psychology, ergonomics and occupational health psychology.
The increasing importance and availability of doctoral programs in Occupational Safety and Health at major research based institutions with an emphasis on providing a rigorous theory, research and methodological driven curriculum. The universal acceptance of university undergraduate and graduate offerings in occupational safety and health has outstripped the supply of doctoral-trained faculty available to deliver offerings and conduct research. The growing emphasis upon research based universities is grounded in the belief that research driven universities have the necessary infrastructure that is critical for doctoral education legitimacy. Therefore, it is recommended that the occupational safety and health doctoral programs focus on a rigorous multi-disciplinary based education that carefully develops students’ knowledge and skills in theory and research methods, as in other disciplines. Of course, as in other disciplines, schools choosing to offer doctoral degrees in occupational safety and health might specialize on issues concerning the architecture of a research-based doctoral program in occupational safety and health as follows:
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